A special issue on Nursing: Current Scenario and Future Development - Articles are invited.

When your parents have cancer: adolescents’ psychosocial aspects

Authors: AzarbarzinMehrdad, TaleghaniFariba, MalekianAzadeh and Saniejlal Shirin

Int J Med Res Health Sci.245-251 | pdf PDF Full Text

Adolescents, whose parents have cancer, may manifest their distress through changes in school performance,
physical complaints of pain and discomfort, as well as changes in social and interpersonal relations. In Asian’s
tightly-knitted families this matter would be very severe. There has been very little research about the effects of
cancer on adolescents in Iran, so the purpose of this study was to explore the Iranian adolescents’ experiences
about living a parent with cancer. The present study is a quantitative part of a mixed method research with one
group, pretest-posttest design. The sample of this study was 30 adolescents. A supportive-educative program was
presented to them and one month later the effect of this program was examined by DASS-21 questionnaire. T-test
showed that the mean of depression, stress and anxiety had significant statistical differences before and after the
program’s presentation (p=0.0001). Also, before and after presenting program, there were significant statistical
differences in some aspects of quality of life like physical functioning (p=.014), energy/fatigue (p=.000), emotional
well-being (p=.0001), social functioning (p=.001), pain (p=.0001), general health (p=.016), subcategory of
physical health (p=.0001) and subcategory of psychological health (p=.0001). Our research asserted that, in Iran
because of families’ structure, the adolescents who live with parents having cancer, have many psychological
problems like stress, anxiety, depression and changes in quality of life due to lack of information about cancer and
support from others, therefore presenting a supportive-educative program for them could reduce these factors.

International Journal of Medical Research & Health Sciences © 2012-16 [Last updated: July 2016] by AspiringDigital