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The Relationship between servant leadership and spirituality in the workplace and perceived organizational support among nurses of medical and educational centers in Kermanshah

Authors: Seyed Mojtaba Hosseini, Seyedeh Sana Hosseiniand Ali Maher

Int J Med Res Health Sci.94-99 | pdf PDF Full Text

This study was conducted to examine the relationship between servant leadership and spirituality in the workplace and perceived
organizational support among nurses. The present study is descriptive-analytical in terms of method of study and developmentalapplied
in terms of objective of study. It was conducted by using cross-sectional method. The population of study consisted of all
nurses in Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences that 306 of them were selected using random stratified selected. The data
were collected by using questionnaire consists of two parts. The first part of questionnaire related to demographic information of
subjects and the second part contained 43 items related to three components of spirituality in the workplace (11 items), perceived
organizational support (9 items) and servant leadership (23 items). The validity of questionnaire was confirmed using content
validity and according to valid books and resources, and other confirmed questionnaires and its reliability was examined and
confirmed by determining the internal stability of tool through calculating the Cronbach’s alpha. To analyze the data using
SPSS-21 software, descriptive statistics was used in order to determine and compare the mean total score and the scores of the
three components of the study. In the analytical statistical part, statistical methods of Pearson correlation coefficient,
multivariate simple regression regressions were used at the significant level of 0.05. In addition, one-dimensional Kolmogorov–
Smirnov test was used to examine normal distribution of the data used in the study and correlation test was used to test the
hypotheses of the study. The results of this study indicated the significant and positive relationship between servant leadership
and spirituality in the workplace (p= 861) and between servant leadership and perceived organizational support (p=0.352).
Additionally, significant and positive relationship was found between components and the areas examined in this study and all
hypotheses were confirmed. The results of this study showed that servant leadership style significantly increases workplace
spirituality and organizational support of nurses. To institutionalize the importance of servant leader in the organization of
hospitals, development of educational programs through workshops in order to develop servant leadership skills in different
levels of managers, it has been proposed that servant leader is effective leading to increased satisfaction of patients as the most
important factor in assessing the service quality in hospital by enhancing the job satisfaction level of employees.
Keywords: servant leadership, spirituality in the workplace, perceived organizational support, quality of service, patient
satisfaction, hospital, nurse

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