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The effect of music therapy counseling on sleep quality in pregnant women

Authors: FatemehShobeiri, Susan Khaledi, Seyedeh Zahra Masoumi and GhodratolaRoshanaei

Int J Med Res Health Sci.408-416 | pdf PDF Full Text

Poor sleep quality is one of the most common complaints in pregnancy, which can lead to adverse maternal and
fetal outcomes. Therefore, counseling with pregnant women to use non-pharmacological methods such as music
therapy appears to be helpful. The aim of this study was to assess the effectiveness of music therapy counseling on
sleep quality in pregnancy. This quasi-experimental study was conducted among 88 pregnant women, which were
allocated randomly into two forty four-member groups of intervention and control in Hamadan city, Iran, 2015. The
questionnaire used in this study was Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI). Two counseling sessions for using
music therapy were held for experimental group. They were asked to listen to a calm music CD for 4 weeks, every
night for 45 minutes. Then both groups were evaluated after 4 weeks. Data were analyzed with SPSS 16, by using
chi-square, paired t-test and independent t-test. Data analysis showed that no significant differences had been found
in component’s scores of sleep quality in the control group before and after the intervention(P˃0.05) except the fifth
component; the fifth component score significantly increased (P=0.03). In the experimental group, there was a
significant decrease in component scores of sleep quality (except fifth component) and total sleep quality score after
the intervention. But the fifth component did not change significantly after the intervention. Also the comparison of
the two groups by using Independent t-test showed a statistically significant difference between the total sleep
quality score, first component (subjective sleep quality), second component (sleep latency), and seventh component
(daily function disorder) after intervention between two groups (P˂0.001). Counseling with pregnant women to use
music therapy can have an effective role in improving their sleep quality in pregnancy.

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