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Systematic Review of Pain assessment scales in newborns under maxillofacial surgery Admitted to the surgical ward

Authors: Shapour Yaripoor, Arash Khalili, Fatemeh Joonbakhsh, Mohammad Shafie Talebiyanpour and Saeedeh Almasi

Int J Med Res Health Sci. 41-44 | pdf PDF Full Text

Having standard tools for measuring pain in infants is essential. The aim of this study is to review the scale of pain
in newborns under maxillofacial surgery Admitted to the surgical ward. Integrative review study of articles
published from 2000 to 2015, carried out in the following databases: Scopus, PubMed, CINAHL, LILACS,
Cochrane, medscape and google scholar. The sample consisted of 17 articles. MeSH headings searched included
pain measurement, pain scale, newborn pain, infant pain scale, maxillofacial surgery and pain perception. 16
neonatal pain assessment tools were found. Of the 232 original articles, 17 review articles in the field of pain
assessment tools in infant under maxillofacial surgery who had inclusion criteria were selected. The most studied
was the Premature Infant Pain Profile (PIPP), The CRIES and the Neonatal Infant Pain Scale (NIPS). Infant pain
assessment is not universally standardized. Practitioners may assess pain; however, they may not consistently use
the same criteria to do so. The use of Neonatal Facial Coding System, the Neonatal Infant Pain Scale and the
Premature Infant Pain Profile Can accurately show the amount of pain in newborns.

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