A special issue on Nursing: Current Scenario and Future Development - Articles are invited.

Role of fine needle aspiration cytology in assessment of cervical lymphadenopathy in variable age groups: A retrospective study.

Authors: Nirmal Amit K.,NirmalKirti,JaykantJhaand Kumar Sudhir

Int J Med Res Health Sci.306-310 | pdf PDF Full Text

Cervical lymphadenopathy is a common clinical problem that confronts us in daily clinical practice. The causes
vary from simple treatable infections to malignancies that require highly specialized institutional management. It
therefore needs to be speedily investigated. FNAC helps to diagnose multiple lesions avoiding biopsy. To assess the
age specific distribution of various cytomorphological patterns of cervical lymphadenopathy. A retrospective study
was conducted at Saraswathi Institute of Medical Sciences and Hospital, Hapur on 214 clinically diagnosed cases of
cervical lymphadenopathy over a period of two years (January 2012 to December 2014). In this study 300 patients
were subjected to FNAC for cervical lymphadenopathy. Among these patients, in 15 cases, the aspirate was
inadequate despite repeated endeavours and in 7 cases the opinion offered was equivocal. Hence, these 35 cases
were excluded from the study. There were 134 males and 144 females in the study. The M:F in this study was 1:1.07,
with a slight female preponderance. The age at presentation ranged from 1- 80 years. Maximum number of patients
were in the 21 – 40 years age group (107 cases, 40.37%) followed by the age group 0 – 20 years (94 cases, 35.47%)
age group. Our study concluded that FNAC is simple, quick, minimally invasive, and inexpensive technique to
diagnose cervical lymphadenopathy. It can differentiate a neoplastic from a no neoplastic process and therefore
influence patient management preventing patient from being subjected to unnecessary surgery

International Journal of Medical Research & Health Sciences © 2012-16 [Last updated: July 2016] by AspiringDigital