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Relation between Attachment Styles and Marital Conflicts through the Mediation of Demographic Variables in Couples

Authors: Zhaleh Refahi

Int J Med Res Health Sci.643-652 | pdf PDF Full Text

The purpose of this study is to explain the test of the mediating role of demographic features in relation with marital
conflicts and attachment styles. The studied samples were 150 couples visiting the consulting centers of the city
Shiraz who were selected by the purposeful sampling method among 800 couples. They filed out adult attachment
styles and marital conflicts and also demographic questionnaire. The findings showed that secure attachment style
has a direct and negative effect on marital conflicts. Besides, avoidant and ambivalent attachment style has a direct
and positive effect on it. Moreover, age has a direct and positive effect but education has a direct and negative effect
on marital conflicts. Results showed that the conflicts in samples with secure attachment style will be increased by
increasing age and they will be reduced by increasing the level of education. Because in people with secure
attachment style, increase of age and academic level leads to their intellectual growth and therefore, they adapt
more active and flexible approaches to the resolve their problems and conflicts flexibility in solving problems and
conflicts. Besides, they use a variety of intellectual methods and pay more attention to their spouses, they use a wide
spectrum of solutions so that the level of their conflicts would be reduced.

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