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Prevalence of Genital Tuberculosis among Infertile Women: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

Authors: Kefayat Chaman-Ara, Mohammad Amin Bahrami, Elham Bahrami, Sima Bahrami, Mohammad Nabi Bahrami, Mahmood Moosazadeh and Omid Barati

Int J Med Res Health Sci.208-215 | pdf PDF Full Text

Genital tuberculosis is a kind of infectious diseases with a relatively high prevalence in developing countries. The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of genital tuberculosis among infertile women. A PubMed, Science Direct, Scopus, Google Scholar, SID, Magiran and Cochrane databases (from 1980 to the present, date of last search March 2016) was carried out using the search keywords tuberculosis, genital tuberculosis, female genital, genital tract, genital system, female infertility, endometrial tuberculosis, anti-tubercular therapy, bacteriological, tuberculin antigen, histological, infertility, fallopian tube diseases, prevalence, rate, percent in order to find the studies which have reported the prevalence of genital tuberculosis among infertile women. Data were extracted from retrieved studies and a meta-analysis was done. 23 studies were found. In these studies a total of 4361 infertile women have been studied. The prevalence of genital tuberculosis among infertile women with 95% confidence interval was 24.2% (18.5-29.99). The prevalence of genital tuberculosis among infertile women is high. It seems that exact planning and action for the prevention and treatment of genital tuberculosis can reduce the infertility prevalence and prevent the negative consequences of infertility

Keywords: Tuberculosis, Genital tuberculosis, Infertility, Women infertility

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