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Post-traumatic growth, hope, and depression in elderly cancer patients

Authors: Mehdi Heidarzadeh, Behrouz Dadkhah and MehriGholchin

Int J Med Res Health Sci.455-461 | pdf PDF Full Text

Post-traumatic growth (PTG), depression, and hope have not been adequately studied among elderly cancer
patients living in Middle East countries. The aim of the study was to assess these constructs in elderly cancer
patients and examine whether depression and hope contributed to variations in PTG among these patients. A sample
of 142 Iranian elderly people with Azari ethnicity (55 female, 87 male), with average age of 68.4, diagnosed with
cancer who admitted to oncology wards and cancer clinics of Hospital were participated in the study. Study tools
included demographic details questionnaire, “posttraumatic growth inventory”, Herth Hope Index (HHI), and Beck
Depression Inventory (BDI). Data were analyzed using SPSS-22 software. The means and standard deviations of the
PTG, BDI, and HHI scores for all participants were 70.27 ± 12.43, 12.1 ± 6.5, and 34.63 ± 3.13, respectively. The
results showed that PTG was negatively correlated with depression (r = −0.60, p < 0.001), and positively
correlated with hope (r = 0.50, p < 0.001). All dimensions of the PTG were significantly correlated with total BDI
and HHI scores. Depression and hope correlated with some of the variance of PTG in the Iranian elderly patients
with cancer. Offering counseling programs and delivering appropriate levels of nursing care may help decrease
patients’ depression and increase their hope.

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