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Post CABG Psychological Disorder: New Update for Surgeons and Nursing Groups

Authors: Amanollah Heidari1, Khosrow Sharifi2 and Mehdi Dehghani Firoozabadi3*

Int J Med Res Health Sci.402-406 | pdf PDF Full Text

ABSTRACT
Atherosclerosis a type of arteries’ hardening that is caused by the formation of atheromatous plaque in the vessel
wall. CABG is proposed as a standard of care for patients with coronary artery disease. This method besides its
advantages has a variety of side effects that in addition to physiological mortality and morbidity suffers from
psychological effects that are reviewed in this paper. The surgery is associated with multiple psychiatric symptoms
for patients. Among them the pre and post-surgical mental problems and disorders are more important. Also As
mentioned before depression is commonly reported as a consequence of coronary artery bypass surgery and it is
associated with a great risk of mortality, morbidity, increased medical care and reduced performance in daily
activities. Quality of life means the ability to perform daily affairs satisfactorily that includes a wide range of
features and physical and mental factors. Scientific evidence suggests that 32% of heart patients in hospitals have
severe depression that is continued after a year. However, it has been more than 40 years that delirium has been
reported as an adverse postoperative cardiac surgery event. The analysis of the relief and relaxation method used
by the nurses and its relationship with the incidence of post-surgical delirium helps to identify the areas that require
training and practical changes.
Key Word: CABG, Pain, Psychological Disorder, Quality of life, Delirium, Nurse

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