Authors: Mongia Shashi M, Chauhan Puja, Mongia Mahima
Anaemia being a constant feature of the multigravida mothers causes significant changes in placenta which are responsible for early termination of pregnancy, resulting in low birth weight babies and an increase in perinatal mortality and morbidity. Methods In this study, we have correlated the decreased gestational period of ninety multigravida mothers with that of the same number of primigravida mothers by evaluating the histomorphological features of placenta in these groups. Here we have taken anaemia as the lone factor for the change in histomorphological pattern of placenta thus leading to poor foetal outcome. Result Our study concludes that, with the increase in parity there is a significant increase in the severity of anaemia during pregnancy, and consequent decrease in the gestational period of the mother resulting in poor foetal outcome.
Keywords: Perinatal mortality, Pregnancy anaemia, Placental morphology, Placental histology