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Marital quality in the spousesof men with multiple sclerosis: A descriptive comparative study

Authors: AsadollahKeykhaei, Ali Navidian, Imani Mahmoud, HamedFaghihiand FatemehAlikhah

Int J Med Res Health Sci.415-423 | pdf PDF Full Text

Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic neurological disease that not only affects the patient but also has a
considerable impact on marital relationships and the quality of life of spouses. This study investigated marital
quality in the spouses of men with MS. This descriptive comparative study included 82 men registered with the MS
Association of Shiraz, Iran, and their spouses; and 82 healthy men and their spouses. The participants were selected
using the convenience sampling method. Data on marital quality were collected using the Perceived Relationship
Quality Components inventory. The validity and reliability of this inventory has been previously confirmed in Iran.
Data analysis was performed using SPSS software, version 21. The significance level was set at p < 0.05. The mean
(± standard deviation) age of the men with MS was 3 5.9 ± 9.69 years and the mean duration of the relationship with
their spouse was 14.24 ± 3.85 years. The total scor e for the Perceived Relationship Quality Components inventory
and scores for the components satisfaction, passion, intimacy, and love were significantly lower in the spouses of
men with MS compared with the spouses of healthy men (p < 0.001). For spouses of men with MS, the disease
negatively impacts the marital relationship quality, particularly in terms of satisfaction, passion, intimacy, and love.
Therefore, to improve the quality of life and marital relationships in MS patients and their spouses, it is important
to include couple-based educational programs and marital therapy in rehabilitation programs for MS.

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