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Laryngeal mask airway (LMA): Better choice than intubation

Authors: Ahmad Rastegarian, Heshmat Shakeri, Mina Shariati, Mohamed Amin Ghobadifar, Hossein Kargar Jahromi, Navid Kalani and Safar Zarei

Int J Med Res Health Sci.553-556 | pdf PDF Full Text

Prone position during anesthesia is associated with some physiological changes including hemodynamic,
cardiovascular and respiratory ones. Using a safe and simple method is important for inducing the anesthesia in the
prone position which can provide a better outcome and lesser the complications of a surgery. So, the present study
is about to compare the efficacy of laryngeal mask airway (LMA) with endotracheal tube (ETT) during anesthesia
on patients in prone position. 60 patients of elective pilonidal cyst surgery with ASA status of class 1 and 2
participated in this clinical trial study. Patients divided to two groups of LMA and ETT. Time of inducing anesthesia
to incision, O2 saturation, laryngospasm, sore throat and aspiration compared. Collected data analyzed by SPSS15,
using the descriptive statistics. Average time of inducing anesthesia to surgical incision was 2.90±1.49 minutes in
LMA group and 12.70±3.89 in ETT group. Both groups showed normal O2 saturation and end tidal CO2. None of the
patients suffered aspiration and laryngospasm. Sore throat was 16.6 % less among the LMA group. Laryngeal mask
is as effective as intubation, it causes less complications, and is inserted easily. So LMA can be used as a safe
method to reduce postoperative complications.

International Journal of Medical Research & Health Sciences © 2012-16 [Last updated: July 2016] by AspiringDigital