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Knowledge, Attitude, and Practice of Teachers in Tabriz(Iran) Elementry Schools Regarding Child Abuse(2015-2016)

Authors: Mohammad Hassan Sahebihagh, Seyedeh Zahra Hosseini, Mina Hosseinzadehand SeyedMortezaShamshirgaran

Int J Med Res Health Sci.336-343 | pdf PDF Full Text

Child abuse is one of the most important health issues world wide. Teachers play an important role in identifying
and reporting cases of child abuse since they are in direct confrontation with educational and behavioral issues,
parent-child relationships, and support, care and development of children and can pursue the matter in case of
family dysfunction.Thus, the current study is aimed at investigating knowledge, attitude and performance of
Teachers of Elementary Scools regarding child abuse in Tabriz. In this descriptive study, stratified sampling was
carried on elementary school teachers in 2015-2016 in Tabriz. Three hundered and thirty teachers employed in
primary schools participated in the present study. Questionnaire was used to collect data. Data analysis was carried
using SPSS, Vol. 23 through descriptive (mean and standard deviation) and analytical (Two Independent Samples T test
and analysis of variance) statistics. The findings showed that 57.5 percent of teachers had moderate and less
than moderate knowledge regarding child abuse causes,45 percent of participants had good knowledge of the signs,
symptoms and complications of child abuse, and their total knowledge was moderate and less than moderate (55%).
The participants had a favorable attitude toward dealing with child abuse (95.0 %), and their performance in
dealing with child abuse was moderate and less than moderate(81.3 %). Teacher shad moderate and less than
moderate knowledge regarding child abuse, favorable attitude towards child abuse, and average
performance in dealing with child abuse. This may be due to taking less training courses, fear of side
issues of dealing with child abuse, or lack of clear legal guidelines for dealing with child abuse.

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