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Investigating the Effect of Swedish massage on Thoracic Pain in Patients Undergoing Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Surgery

Authors: Zahra Pishkarmofrad, Ali Navidian, Ghangiz Azadi Ahmadabadi and Elham Aliahmadi

Int J Med Res Health Sci.354-360 | pdf PDF Full Text

Pain is one of the common complications after coronary artery bypass graft surgery. The current study aimed to
investigate the effect of Swedish massage on thoracic pain in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft
surgery at Ali-ibn Abi Talib Hospital of Zahedan, Iran in 2015. This study was performed on 50 patients undergoing
coronary artery bypass graft surgery at Ali-ibn Abi Talib Hospital of Zahedan in 2015 in a randomized controlled
clinical trial method. The patients were randomly divided into two massage and control groups with 25 cases in
each group. The intervention group received Swedish massage for 20 minutes on the first day of transferring to
cardiac surgical ward; however, the control group went under the routine control of the ward. Patients’ pain
intensity were measured and recorded 15 minutes before and after the intervention using Visual Analog Scale
(VAS). Statistical analysis was done using Chi-square test, independent t-test and paired t-test and SPSS Software
version 21. There was no statistical significant difference between the two groups in terms of pain intensity before
the intervention. The mean pain score before and after intervention was 60.80±11.46 and 44.32±11.58 in the
massage group and 58.64±14.42 and 58.60±14.40 in th e control group, respectively. The result of covariance test
showed that the mean pain score after intervention was significantly lower in the massage group than the control
group (P=0.0001). Considering the effect of Swedish massage on reducing pain in patients undergoing coronary
artery bypass graft, massage therapy can be used as a safe and low-cost non-drug method for reducing pain in these
patients.

Keywords: Coronary Artery Bypass Graft, Pain, Swedish Massage

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