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Internet addiction antecendants: Self-control as a predictor

Authors: Mohammad Sadegh Shirinkam, Amir Mohammad Shahsavarani, Leila Moayer Toroghi, Mahdiye Mahmoodabadi, Alireza Mohammadi and Kolsum Sattari

Int J Med Res Health Sci.143-151 | pdf PDF Full Text

Internet addiction is a result of penetration of internet technology to the modern world and has inundated a
substantial proportion of human societies, so that many of mental professionals have considered it as amounting
threatening issue of mental health. Many factors are suggested to be of capability of predicting internet addiction,
include self-efficacy and self control, whose roles are evaluated in this study. This survey study was conducted on
395 female and male university students of SardarJangalUniversity, Rasht, Iran. Instruments comprised Internet
Addiction Test , and Self-Control Scale (Tangney, 2004), which were administered by all participants. findings of
regression analysis showed that self-control has significant negative relation with internet addiction (p<.05) and
male students gained higher scores in internet addiction than females. Moreover, no significant difference was
found among students of different university majors in internet addiction scores. It appears that self-control abilities
can reduce the rate of internet addiction in university students. Therefore, future programs and plans of tri-layer
prevention can focus on teaching for self-control among university students as well as school-ageed students and
families to deliberately decrease internet addiction in various sectors of society.

Keywords: Internet addiction, self-control, internet addiction disorder (IAD), Problematic internet use (PIU),
internet addiction prevention, university students.

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