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Explaining the concept of human interactions on Iranian old people’s dignity: aqualitative Study

Authors: FaribaTabari, MortezaKhaghanizade, NahidDehghan-Nayeri and SoheilNajafi-Mehri

Int J Med Res Health Sci.94-101 | pdf PDF Full Text

Old age brings about distinctive characteristics in elderly people and necessitates recognizing their human dignity.
Dignity could include self-respect, self-esteem, and integrity in the elderly and others could have a direct role in
preserving or undermining it. The present study was carried out to clarify the content of human interactions and
their impact on elderly Iranians’ human dignity. This qualitative research applied a content-analysis method. It used
purposeful sampling as well as in-depth and semi-structured interviews with 16 elderly Iranians in Tehran in 1394.
In order to analyze the data, the interview transcripts were input into the MAXQDA software, by using which the
data were coded. According to the data analysis, the extracted themes concerning the impact of human interactions
on elderly Iranians’ dignity comprised 3 main themes and 10 subthemes. The major themes were acceptance, leisure
activities, and privacy protection. The subthemes consisted of the family’s understanding of the elderly, veneration
of their presence in the family, consideration for their interests, nature excursions, occupation and diversion,
association, social recreations, personal and familial privacy, environmental privacy, and social privacy. These all
emerged from the participants’ experiences. The results indicate that it seems vital to provide necessary conditions
for the maintenance of elderly people’s familial and social interactions with the aim of bolstering their morale and
preserving their human dignity. Moreover, one of the most practical approaches to holding patients in reverence is
to abide by the Charter of Rights for the Elderly.

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