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Etiology, clinical profile, severity and outcome of acute pancreatitis in relation to bed side index for severity of acute pancreatitis bisap and CT severity index [CTSI] scores

Authors:

Int J Med Res Health Sci. |

Authors: Bezwada Srinivasa Rao, Matta SreeVani, V.Sarat Chandra
Int J Med Res Health Sci. 2014;3(4):922-928  | | DOI:10.5958/2319-5886.2014.00026.5

ABSTRACT

Background: Acute pancreatitis is an inflammatory process of the pancreas with involvement of regional tissues or remote organ systems and with potentially devastating consequences. Early prediction of outcome of acute pancreatitis within    24 hrs by clinically based bed Side Index of Severity of Acute Pancreatitis [BISAP] Score and radiological based CT Severity Index [CTSI] later on  being  useful in  initiation of early treatment, assessing  severity, to prevent morbidity and mortality. In those who survive, it can progress to chronic pancreatitis resulting in malabsorption and permanent diabetes. Aim: The aim was to study aetiology, clinical profile, severity, outcome of acute pancreatitis in relation to BISAP Score and CTSI. Materials and Methods: This was an observational and prospective study. The present study enrolled 55 patients who were diagnosed as acute pancreatitis and patients with chronic pancreatitis were excluded from the study. Vital data like pulse rate, blood Pressure, temperature, respiratory rate, conscious level using Glasgow coma scale, serum amylase, lipase, Chest x-ray, US abdomen and CT abdomen [both CECT & NCCT] were done. BISAP Score was obtained at the time of presentation or within 24 hours of presentation and radiological based CT Severity Index [CTSI] was calculated using the Balthazar grading system and Necrosis Scoring system to assess the severity, morbidity and mortality. The results: In this study, the most common aetiology being alcohol intake followed by gall stones. BISAP Score < 2 predicted mild pancreatitis, Score > 3 had organ dysfunction and Score 4 had 100% mortality. The relation between CTSI score and Organ dysfunction showed increased organic dysfunction and higher mortality with higher CTSI Scores.  p value < 0.0001 was calculated using Pearson Chi-square test and found to be  statistically significant. Conclusions: Both BISAP and CTSI scores had positive correlation with morbidity and mortality.

Key words: Acute pancreatitis, BISAP Score, Balthazar Grading, CT Severity Index, Chronic pancreatitis

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