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EFFECTS OF PROTEIN ENERGY MALNUTRITION ON PERIPHERAL NERVE CONDUCTION IN CHILDREN

Authors: Rubha S, Vinodha R

Int J Med Res Health Sci.2015;4(4):768-770 | pdf PDF Full Text

ABSTRACT

Background: Peripheral nerve conduction changes caused by malnutrition can be shown clinically and electrophysiologically. They are produced mainly due to deficiency of micro and macronutrients like vitamins, minerals, protein, fat & Carbohydrate Aim  : Protein  energy  malnutrition (PEM)  affects  the  myelination  and  growth  of  the  nervous system.  The  aim  of  this  study  was  to  assess the  effects  of PEM on peripheral nerve conduction  in children. Materials & Methods: Study group includes 40 malnourished children of 5 – 10 years of age from Raja Mirasudar Hospital, Thanjavur based on Indian Academy of Paediatrics & WHO classification for malnutrition. Control  group  consists  of  40  normal  children  of  same  age  group. Nerve conduction study for median nerve was performed using eight channel digital polygraph. Nerve conduction velocity was evaluated. Results   were   analysed   statistically   using unpaired student ‘t’ test. Results : Nerve conduction  study (NCS)  showed   reduced  motor  and  sensory  nerve  conduction  velocity ( p < 0.05 ) in  children with  Grade III  malnutrition. Children  with  Grade I, II  malnutrition  showed   reduced  sensory   nerve  conduction  velocity ( p < 0.05 ). Conclusion: The  present  study  shows  significant  reduction  in  nerve conducion velocity  in  children  with  malnutrition  which  may be  due  to  nutritional  deficiency  affecting  myelination  of  peripheral nerves which  depends  on  duration  and  severity  of  malnutrition. So  nerve conduction study   can  be used  to  detect  malnutrition  at  its  early  stage.

Keywords: Malnutrition, Children, Nerve conduction velocity, Motor & Sensory nerve conduction velocity

How to Cite this Article

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Pubmed Style:


Rubha S, Vinodha R. EFFECTS OF PROTEIN ENERGY MALNUTRITION ON PERIPHERAL NERVE CONDUCTION IN CHILDREN .Int J Med Res Health Sci. 2015;4(4):768-770.


Web Style:


Rubha S, Vinodha R. EFFECTS OF PROTEIN ENERGY MALNUTRITION ON PERIPHERAL NERVE CONDUCTION IN CHILDREN.


AMA (American Medical Association) Style:


Rubha S, Vinodha R. EFFECTS OF PROTEIN ENERGY MALNUTRITION ON PERIPHERAL NERVE CONDUCTION IN CHILDREN .Int J Med Res Health Sci. 2015;4(4):768-770.

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