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Effects of aerobic training on FBS, HbA1C, Fructosamine and plasma lipid profile in male with type 2 diabetes

Authors: Akbar Ghalavand, Rooholah Rezaee, Alinaghi Gholami, Reza Mahmoodkhanikooshkaki and Mohammad Hosein Mahmoudnejad

Int J Med Res Health Sci.27-33 | pdf PDF Full Text

Regular exercise represents an effective strategy to prevent and treat type 2 Diabetes.The present study examined
the effects of aerobic exercise on glycemic control and serum lipid profile in men with type 2 diabetes.20 men with
type 2 diabetes (age:45.05 ± 3.8) were randomly divided into aerobic exercise group (n=10) and control
group(n=10). Exercise Group participated in aerobic training program at 50 -70 % HRR for 8 weeks and 3 sessions
per week. Fasting blood sugar (FBS),Fructosamine, HbA1C, Triglyceride (TG), cholesterol (TC), high density
lipoproteins (HDL), low density lipoproteins (LDL) and very low density lipoprotein(VLDL) were measured before
and after 8 weeks. Paired and independent t tests were used for data analysis ( P<0.05).At the end of period,
significant decreases have been found in FBS (p=0.017),HbA1c(p=0.045),Fructosamine(p=0.012) and LDL
(p=0.048) levels and a significant increase has been observed in HDL(p=0.012) of exercise group, while there were
no significant changes for the investigated factors in control group (P>0.05).Also there was a significant difference
in FBS (p=0.03) and HDL levels (p=0.04) between 2 groups.Aerobic trainings effectively improve lipid profile and
lead to better glycemic control in men with type 2 diabetes.

Key words: Type 2 diabetes, Aerobic training, Fasting blood sugar, Glycated hemoglobin, Fructosamine and Lipid
profile.

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