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Determination of the Effect of C.B.T on Stress, Anxiety and Depression among Nurses at Yasuj Shahid Beheshti Hospital in 2014

Authors: Amin Hossaini Motlagh, Zeinab Alizadeh and Shadi Shahabadi

Int J Med Res Health Sci.391-394 | pdf PDF Full Text

ABSTRACT
Stress is one of the most important phenomena in this century that has had a great impact on people’s mental and
physical health and has become one of the main topics of organizational management. Primarily, nursing and
taking care of patients is stressful itself. Therefore, in the working environment, any menace to organizational goals
and reduction in the quality of nursing cares are due to stress. There are different therapeutic ways to deal with
stress which cognitive behavioral therapy is one of them. The goal of this study was to examine the effects of
cognitive behavior therapy on stress among nurses who worked at Yasuj Shahid Beheshti hospital in 2014. This was
an experimental research that was carried out among 100 nurses working at Yasuj Shahid Beheshti hospital in
2014. The sampling type was available samples. After filling the DASS-42 questionnaire, we chose 30 cases that had
the worst status from point of stress and were randomly divided into two groups: case and control groups. Each
group consisted of 15 nurses. The cases were trained in 8 weeks, an hour a week, by a single clinical psychologist
specialized in cognitive behavioral therapy. After the therapy, questionnaires were filled again by the two groups.
Finally, two groups were compared together in view point of stress scores. For analysis of data we used the SPSS
software and descriptive statistics, t-test and ANOVA. The mean and standard deviations of stress in case group on
the pre-test were7.96 ± 18.73 and on the posttest were 6.295 ± 12.266 respectively, the mean and standard
deviations of stress in the control group for pre-test were 8.413 ± 21.066 and for posttest were 9.019 ± 20.733
respectively. The mean and standard deviations of stress in case group on the pre-test were7.96 ± 18.73 and on the
posttest were 6.295 ± 12.266 respectively, the mean and standard deviations of stress in the control group for pretest
were 8.413 ± 21.066 and for posttest were 9.019 ± 20.733 respectively. The mean and standard deviations of
stress in case group on the pre-test were7.96 ± 18.73 and on the posttest were 6.295 ± 12.266 respectively, the mean
and standard deviations of stress in the control group for pre-test were 8.413 ± 21.066 and for posttest were 9.019 ±
20.733 respectively. There were not any significant differences between two groups before the intervention, but
there were significant differences between case groups after the intervention. (P = 0.03). According to the findings
of the study, cognitive behavioral techniques’ training significantly reduces stress in nurses. Therefore, it is
recommended to reduce nurses ‘stress and increase the level of nursing services and promoting patients’ satisfaction
by establishing a psychology consulting unit in hospitals.
Keywords: nurses, stress, cognitive behavior therapy

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