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DECIPHERING LEPTOSPIROSIS-A DIAGNOSTIC MYSTERY: AN INSIGHT

Authors: Mohit Bhatia, B L Umapathy

Int J Med Res Health Sci.2015;4(3):693-701 | pdf PDF Full Text

ABSTRACT

Leptospirosis is an emerging infectious disease which has been recognized as the most common zoonotic infection in the world. It  affects  human  beings  and  many  other  species  of  vertebrates .Most commonly,  the  infection  is  acquired  by  direct  or  indirect  exposure  to  urine  of reservoir  animals  through  contaminated  soil,  mud  &  water  entering  via  small abrasions  or  breaches  in  the  skin  &  mucous  membranes  during  occupational, recreational  or  vocational  activities. The  signs  &  symptoms  resemble  a  wide range  of  bacterial  &  viral  diseases  &  sometimes  can  present  as  food  poisoning, chemical  poisoning  &  snake  bite  also  due  to  which  the  diagnosis  is  often missed. This review article aims to focus on the role of Dark Field Microscopy (DFM), culture, Enzyme Linked Immuno Sorbent Assay (ELISA), Macroscopic Slide Agglutination test (MSAT), Microscopic Agglutination Test  (MAT) and Faine’s criteria in the diagnosis of leptospirosis.

Keywords: Dark Field Microscopy, Enzyme Linked Immuno Sorbent Assay, Macroscopic Slide Agglutination test, Microscopic Agglutination Test, Faine’s criteria

How to Cite this Article

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Pubmed Style:


Mohit Bhatia, B L Umapathy. DECIPHERING LEPTOSPIROSIS-A DIAGNOSTIC MYSTERY: AN INSIGHT .Int J Med Res Health Sci. 2015;4(3):693-701.


Web Style:


Mohit Bhatia, B L Umapathy. DECIPHERING LEPTOSPIROSIS-A DIAGNOSTIC MYSTERY: AN INSIGHT.


AMA (American Medical Association) Style:


Mohit Bhatia, B L Umapathy. DECIPHERING LEPTOSPIROSIS-A DIAGNOSTIC MYSTERY: AN INSIGHT .Int J Med Res Health Sci. 2015;4(3):693-701.

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