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Clinico-epidemiological profile of inflammatory and infective skin diseases in a tertiary care centre in East India

Authors:

Int J Med Res Health Sci. |

Author: Vishal Prakash Giri, Om Prakash Giri, Sudhir Kumar Gupta, Shubhra Kanodia
Int J Med Res Health Sci.2014;3(4):892-896  | | DOI: 10.5958/2319-5886.2014.00021.6

ABSTRACT

Background: Darbhanga is a municipal corporation and town of the old Darbhanga Raj, it has a humid subtropical climate. Several studies  have reported about pattern  of  skin diseases  in different  districts  of India, but  there  is  no  such  report  from Darbhanga. This   prompted us to conduct the present study. Aim: To   observe  the clinical and epidemiological profile   of  inflammatory  and  infectious  skin  diseases   at  Darbhanga.  Methodology : The  present  retrospective study   was  conducted  from  medical records of Dermatology out-patient department of Darbhanga Medical College  and Hospital, Darbhanga .Total 1134   patients  of   inflammatory and infective  skin diseases were selected for study. Their demographic data (age and gender) and disease data (type of skin infection) were    recorded   for   analysis. Results: Analysis  revealed  that  majority (597; 52.65% )  of  skin  diseases  belonged   to  inflammatory  group  followed  by   infective  group  (537;47.35%). Of   the   inflammatory group,  allergic  contact   dermatitis  (209;18.43%)  was  the  most  common  entity   followed  by  irritant  contact  dermatitis  (180; 15.87 %), seborrheic  dermatitis (120 ;10.58%), atopic  dermatitis (50; 4.41%), psoriasis  (20;1.76 %)  and  pompholyx (18;1.59 %). Of   the infective   group, bacterial  infection  was  the  most  common   disease (349 ; 30.78%). Followed  by  parasitic  infection  (127 ; 11.20%), fungal   infection (58 ; 5.11%)   and  viral  infection (3;0.26%).  Conclusion: Skin  disorders  are  common  in  Darbhanga   and  incidence  of  inflammatory  skin  diseases   is  slightly  higher  than  that  of    infective   skin  diseases.

Keywords:  Inflammatory skin   diseases, Infective skin   diseases,   Skin   disease   pattern.

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