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Association between sodium bicarbonate consumption and human health: A systematic review

Authors: Yadolah Fakhri, Nazak Amanidaz, Yahya Zandsalimi, Maryam Dadar, Ali Moradi, Bigard Moradi, Leila Rasouli Amirhajeloo, Hassan Keramati, Athena Rafieepour

Int J Med Res Health Sci.22-29 | pdf PDF Full Text

Sodium bicarbonate or baking soda is a chemical compound dissolved in water which is widely used as an additive
in foods and mineral water and as a medicine. In Iran, due to the introduction of harmful effects of this compound,
using it in baking is prohibited. Therefore, we tried to search and evaluate all health effects of using this compound
with a systematic review. In this study, all available evidences on the beneficial and harmful effects of sodium
bicarbonate were searched. The method was based on systematic study of reputable databases including Embase,
Ovid, Scopus, Pubmed and ISI Web of science. Invalid studies were found that shows the relationship of harmful
effects of sodium bicarbonate on general health. In addition to that, the studies showed therapeutic aspects and
useful effects of this material. Some studies showed the harmful effects of therapeutic using of sodium bicarbonate
with high dose that randomly happened. Reviewing of credible studies showed that not only using sodium
bicarbonate is not harmful for human health, but also using it as a drug can be useful in treatment and relief of
some diseases.
Keywords: Sodium bicarbonate, food material, drinking water, adverse effects, beneficial effects and human health.

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