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An anatomical study on the variations of short saphenous vein and its termination

Authors: Anbumani T. L., Anthony Ammal S. and Thamarai Selvi A.

Int J Med Res Health Sci.28-33 | pdf PDF Full Text

The short saphenous vein represents the post axial vein of developing limb bud. It is the continuation of lateral marginal vein. The short saphenous vein terminates in the popliteal vein in the popliteal fossa. Short saphenous vein varicosities are common. Recurrence of varicose vein after surgery is a frequent cause of medico legal problems. A thorough analysis on the presence of variations in the short saphenous vein and its termination is mandatory. Hence, the present study is conducted to observe the variations of the short saphenous vein in cadavers, enlightening the clinical significance for a better therapeutic outcome. 50 lower limbs from 25 embalmed cadavers of both the sexes are used for this study. Conventional dissection method is followed. In the present study, 54% of short saphenous vein terminates only into the popliteal vein at the popliteal fossa, 30% short saphenous vein terminates into the great saphenous vein, 8% of short saphenous vein terminates into the inferior gluteal vein and 8% of short saphenous vein terminates into the femoral vein. A proper knowledge about the anatomy of the short saphenous vein and its communications with other veins and mode of termination of short saphenous vein is mandatory for a safe and successful intervention. The high variations in the venous system, makes it to be a subject of interest, thereby emphasizing multidisciplinary studies for a better clinical outcome.

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