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A study on prevalence of group B streptococci as a coloniser in women of reproductive age group

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Int J Med Res Health Sci. |

Authors: Sobhana Surya Pradeep M , Vishnuvardhana Rao K
Int J Med Res Health Sci. 2013;2(3):911- 916 |  DOI:10.5958/j.2319-5886.2.4.146

ABSTRACT

The present study was undertaken to detect the presence of Group B streptococci (GBS) as a coloniser among women of reproductive age group attending to outpatient clinic in Obstetrics and Gynaecology at Dr.PSIMS &RF general hospital, Chinnaoutapalli. Methods: Two low vaginal swabs were collected from 200 women in the age group of 15-45 years and the swabs were subjected to microscopy, culture, Christie, Atkins and Munch-Peterson test (CAMP) and antibiotic susceptibility testing by Kirby-Bauer disc diffusion method. Results: Of the total 400 vaginal swabs collected from 200 women 7 were found to be colonized with Group B streptococci which were mostly susceptible to ceftriaxone and erythromycin and all were resistant to penicillin except strain 1.Conclusion: Detection of colonization with GBS and treatment helps in reducing the incidence of neonate acquiring GBS infection.

Keywords: Streptococci, colonization, CAMP test, neonatal meningitis, antibiotic sensitivity

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