Background: The workers who are involved in the handling dry chili face some occupational hazards. In this industry there is always danger of polluting the environment with very small irritating particle. Inhalation of this fine particulate matter is responsible for the various respiratory symptoms which include chronic obstructive disease (COPD) and allergic rhinitis and associated ocular symptoms like itchy eye, red eye and conjunctivitis. Exposure of this fine chili particle is associated with the skin problems like burning sensation, irritation and dermatitis. Methods and material: This is the case-control observation study in which 378 male workers who are involved in handling the chili powder were selected after they meet the inclusion and exclusion criteria. 203 control subjects are selected who are not associated with the chili market at all. Detail history taking and physical examination done all study and control subjects to see for the respiratory, eye and skin problem. The symptoms are compared between the study and control subjects. Results: The incidence of the respiratory, eye and skin related problems are significantly at a higher level than the control subjects. Conclusion: The worker in the dry chili market significantly facing the health hazards due to the exposure of the finest chili powder which can be prevented with the some measures such as using face masks, socks and cotton shirts and pants which will prevent the contact of the body with the fine irritating particles.
Keywords: Chili powder, COPD, Dermatitis, Itchy eye