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A Study of the Growth and Flourish of Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences; A Cultural History

Authors: AbdolrezaGilavand

Int J Med Res Health Sci.83-86 | pdf PDF Full Text

One of the striking features of ancient Persian civilization is the importance of medical sciences. One testimony to
this is the foundation of Gondishapur University 1745 years ago in the south-western Persia (Iran). Gondishapur
was one of the major cities of Persian Empire which was ordered by the Sassanid king, Shapur I (241-272 A. D) to
be built in 271 A. D. The city was built by employing Roman and Greek war prisoners after defeating a Roman army
led by Emperor Valerian. Gondishapur was the greatest intellectual center and medical school of its time. It was
one of the largest hospitals of the ancient world which hosted eminent scientists and physicians from around the
world to do their research and practice medicine. In 651 A. D during the final years of Sassanid Empire the city was
conquered by a Muslim Arab invasion. This led to the gradual emigration of the physicians to Baghdad and
consequently to the demise and final closing of the center. After 12 centuries of being closed-down, Gondishapur
(Jundishapur) University was reopened in 1955 in Ahvaz, the central city of Khuzestan province. Currently, Ahvaz
Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences (AJUMS) has: 650 faculty members, 7000 students studying at
bachelors, masters and PhD levels, fellowship and higher degrees in 163 different fields and 15000 staff. The
university is one of the most prestigious universities in Iran and is type one university based on the rating of the
Ministry of Health and Medical Education

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