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A comparative study on lifestyle and metabolic profile in normal and obese individuals

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Int J Med Res Health Sci. |

Authors: Revathi R, Swetha S, MeghalathaTS, Arunakumari R
Int J Med Res Health Sci. 2013;2(4):828-832 |  DOI:10.5958/j.2319-5886.2.4.132

ABSTRACT 

Background/Aim: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the lifestyle and metabolic profiles in normal and obese. Material and Methods:  A cross sectional study design was employed. Information on body weight, height, body fat, food choices, diet and physical activity behavior were collected by a questionnaire among 100 obese adults aged 18-35 years and compared with healthy individuals as controls. Blood samples were collected to analyze blood glucose, heamoglobin and total cholesterol. Result:   Mean BMI for obese were 36.2±5 About 50% reported consuming no fruits or vegetables, while 80% preferred fried food over other forms of cooked food. The majority (60%) engaged in <40 min of physical activity a day. Significant number of adults had Hb>13mg/dl. Blood glucose levels (>100) & total cholesterol levels (>200) significantly higher (p<0.05) in obese individuals compared to control. Conclusions:  Dietary and physical activity behaviour of the participants were generally poor. High blood glucose and cholesterol levels found among obese compared to normal. Innovative ways to improve consumption of fruits and vegetables and increase physical activity among the obese are needed.

Keywords:  BMI, Waist circumference, Obesity

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